The Information Age

Multi-User Dungeons

The first multiplayer virtual was the Multi-User Dungeon (MUD) in 1979.  MUD’s were originally a text based and communication occurred without graphics.  As a result, players would describe their encounters to one another.  Most MUD games were fantasy or medieval themed.

Source: Joe Sanchez, “A Social History of Virtual Worlds,” Library Technology Reports 45.2(2009): 9-12, http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.umw.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=25c3c9dd-7281-48c0-b0ff-c9814a38beab%40sessionmgr110&vid=5&hid=11> (accessed December 2011).

VoIP introduced to Video Games

Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP) was invented in 1995, however the concept of VoIP can be traced back to Alexander Graham Bell and the 1st telephone.  With the introduction of VoIP players from around the world have the ability communicate to each other instantly through headsets or microphones, allowing for a more enhanced social experience.

Source: John Halloran, “Game Changer? How Voip Is Impacting the Way We Play,” International Journal of Interactive Worlds (2011): 1-27, http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.umw.edu:2048/ehost/detail?vid=3&hid=110&sid=ea86330a-f7a8-4b83-8a50-c1dddda24c0c%40sessionmgr104&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=a9h&AN=66384875 (accessed December 9, 2011).

Image Source: Logitech Wireless Gaming Headset G930,” Logitech, http://www.logitech.com/en-us/gaming/headsets/devices/7248 (accessed December 11, 2011).

Short Messaging Service

 

The concept of short messaging service (SMS) is believed to have started in 1992 when Neil Papworth sent the text “MERRY CHRISTMAS” to colleagues at Vodafone.  SMS is a very basic function of that allows cell phone users to exchange short messages with each other.  Since 1992 SMS is supported by all networks worldwide.  From 2007 to 2010 the number for SMS messages sent per second rose from about 50,000 to just under 200,000.

Source: Gwenael Bodic, Mobile Messaging Technologies and Services: SMS, EMS, and MMS, 2nd ed. (Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005).

Source: “Hppy Bthdy Txt!” BBC NEWS UK, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/2538083.stm (accessed October 24, 2011).

Source: “Amount of Sms Sent Per Second Worldwide from 2007 to 2010,” Statista, http://www.statista.com/statistics/167048/number-of-sms-sent-per-second-worldwide-since-2007/ (accessed October 24, 2011).

Image Source: Mobile Marketing Watch, 02 Sept. 2010, http://www.mobilemarketingwatch.com/sms-isnt-just-for-kids-72-of-adults-routinely-send-text-messages-too-9164/ (accessed October 24, 2011).

Google Chrome

Google Chrome was first released in early September 2008, and immediately created waves with its user-friendly, application-oriented interface. Originally released for Microsoft, Chrome quickly spread to Mac and Linux operating systems, and is today one of the most popular operating systems available.

For other web significant web browsers, see:

  1.  http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/10/mosaic-web-browser-introduced/
  2. http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/21/netscape-founded/
  3.  http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/21/internet-explorer/
  4.  http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/21/opera-browser-developed/
  5. http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/22/safari-browser/ ‎

Source: Nick Mediati, “Google Chrome Web Browser,” PC World, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/09/02/AR2008090202840.html (accessed September 21, 2011).

Image Source: “Google Chrome Screenshot,” Googlehttps://ssl.gstatic.com/chrome/betterweb/download/images/mac/resolve_static.png (accessed December 14, 2011).

Safari Browser

Steve Jobs revealed the Safari web browser at the 2003 MacWorld Expo. Jobs claimed that Safari would be faster and better-performing than its chief competitor, Internet Explorer. Safari was originally judged to have little change of standing up to Microsoft and competing browsers, but has since become an extremely popular browser.

 

For other web significant web browsers, see:

  1.  http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/10/mosaic-web-browser-introduced/
  2. http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/21/netscape-founded/
  3.  http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/21/internet-explorer/
  4.  http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/21/opera-browser-developed/
  5.  http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/22/google-chrome/

 

 

Source: Paul Festa, “Welcome to the Browser Jungle, Safari,” CNET News, January 7, 2003, http://news.cnet.com/2100-1023-979583.html (accessed September 21, 2011).

Image Source: “Safari Features,” http://www.apple.com/safari/features.html (accessed September 21, 2011).

Introduction of 2G Networking

The introduction of Dr. Cooper’s first cellular phone is often referred to as the 1st Generation of cell phones or 1G.  Subsequently the term 2G represents the 2nd Generation of cellular phones.  Due to the fast growing numbers of cellular phone users, there was a need for a faster network with greater capacity.  The 2nd Generation of cellular phones began in Europe in 1983 which developed the Global System for Mobile (GSM).  2G phones were introduced as the first all digital phones.  With its larger spectrum, 2G phones introduced the concept of data planes with cell phones, opening the door for cellular email and text messaging.

For other milestones in wireless telephone communication, see:

  1. http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/21/3g-networking/
  2. http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/19/first-4glte-network-launches/
  3.  http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/19/worlds-first-3g-network/
  4. http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/07/worlds-first-wireless-telephone-call/
  5. http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/18/the-cell-phone/

Source: William C.Y. Lee, Wireless and Cellular Telecommunications, 3rd ed (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2006).

Image Source: Q-Taro.com, 02 Mar. 2006,  http://blog.q-taro.com/category/keitai/page/2/ (accessed Sept. 21 2011).

3G Networking

Similar to the definition of 2G, the term 3G refers the 3rd generation of cell phone networking.  The International Technological University (ITU) defined the standards of 3G networking as “[necessitating a the discovery of] a new globally available frequency band as well as attempting to maximize convergence within many existing 2G wireless technologies,” (see source).  In 2000 3G services were launched, based off the standards set forth by ITU.  As a result 3G offered faster service with a much larger broadband width than the previous generations.  The 3G network allows for increased transformation of phone calls and the passing of information such as emails and downloaded material.

For other milestones in wireless telephone communication, see:

  1. http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/07/worlds-first-wireless-telephone-call/
  2. http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/18/the-cell-phone/
  3.  http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/21/2g-networking/
  4. http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/19/first-4glte-network-launches/
  5. http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/19/worlds-first-3g-network/

Source: “What Really Is a Third Generation (3g) Mobile Technology,” What really is a Third Generation (3G) Mobile Technology, http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/imt-2000/DocumentsIMT2000/What_really_3G.pdf (accessed October 24, 2011).

Source: “2g and 3g Cellular Networks,” 2G and 3G cellular networks, http://www.bm-tricon.com/images/doku/motorola_2g-and-3g-cellular-networks.pdf (accessed October 24, 2011).

Image Source: “HOW TO: Increase 3G Speed In Android Phones and Devices,” 16 Sept. 2011, <http://androidphonesplaza.com/motorola-android-hack/ (accessed September 21, 2011).

 

Blackberry

The creation of the Blackberry comes from the company known as Research In Motion or RIM, a Canadian multinational telecommunications company.  After joining forces with AT&T in the 1980s, RIM introduced the first two way pager in 1996 named the Inter@ctive 900.  In 1998 RIM introduced the first Blackberry pager the Blackberry 950.  Since then, 85 percent public corporations are supplying their employees with Blackberry devices.  From its origins as a two pager Blackberry was evolved into a smart phone that offers fast, reliable email service which allowed corporate employees as well as regular consumers the ability to access their email.

Source: Alastair Sweeny, BlackBerry Planet: the Story of Research in Motion and the Little Device That Took the World by Storm (Mississauga, Ont.: Wiley, 2009).

Image Source: Blackberry 9700 Series, New Cell Phones Blog, 29 July 2009, http://www.newcellphoneblogs.com/blackberry-9700-specs.html (accessed Sept. 21, 2011).

iPhone vs. Android

Since its creation in June of 2007, the iPhone went without a rival to challenge it for the best smart phone in the market.  In October 2008, however, Google answered the bell by introducing the G1.  However, it was not until a year later in October of 2009 that Android truly took off with the introduction of the Motorola Droid.  In July of 2010 HTC moved from its using Microsoft Windows Mobile and merged with Google Android.  Similarly to the iPhone, the Android phones also provide a full touch screen that interacts fluidly with the user and offer accessories such as 5-megapixel camera, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and GPS.

For information regarding the greatest rival to Android O.S., see:  http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/21/iphone/

Source: Duncan Geere,  “Google Android: Its History and Uncertain Future,” Wired Magazine, April 15, 2010 http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2010-04/15/google-android-its-history-and-uncertain-future (accessed October 19, 2011).

Image Source: Motorola Android Hack,  Android Phones Plaza, 18 Aug. 2011, http://androidphonesplaza.com/motorola-android-hack/ (accessed Sept. 21, 2011).

The Introduction of the iPhone

The iPhone was introduced to customers around the United States on June 29, 2007.  At a conference in April of 2003 Steve Jobs expressed his belief that cellular phones were going to be important portable devices that had the ability to access information.  The concept of direct manipulation is the basis for the iPhone.  This concept allows users fluid and smooth interaction with the touch screen, responding to actions such as swiping, tapping, and pinching.  Along with this fluid interface, iPhone contained applications such as YouTube, version 7.3 of iTunes (the most current version at the time), and access to the internet through the Safari internet engine.   Within the first weekend of the iPhone being on sale it is estimated that approximately 250,000 to 700,000 phones were sold, the majority of them being the 8GB model.  By August of 2008 iPhone customers had access to approximately 2,300 application, no including the applications already on the phone.

For information regarding the rivalry between the Apple iPhone and Android O.S., see:  http://infoagetimeline.umwblogs.org/2011/09/21/droid/

Source:  How To Become – IPhone 3G Guru – Free Your 3G IPhone For Any 3G Network Worldwide – Jailbreak And Unlock Without Losing Warranty – Killer Tips and Tricks., publication place: Self-Help Publishers, 2008.

Image Source: Singaporean Kid Writes IPhone Application, IPhone Buzz, 4 Feb. 2009, http://www.iphonebuzz.com/singaporean-kid-writes-iphone-application-046020.php (accessed Sept. 21, 2011).